Seismic 101


Osman M. Hassan; Ph.D.

The reflection seismic methods in the search for oil and gas for non-geophysicists

In modern exploration for oil and gas, 3D seismic is a key to a successful program, especially  in marine and frontier areas. The reflection seismic method is the proven   necessary technology in order to map and delineate targets to reduce the exploration drilling risks. 3D seismic also plays a significant role in reservoir characterization, development and monitoring hereafter.

This course is an introduction to the applications of basic seismic reflection method fundamentals in a non-technical and yet practical form in search for hydrocarbons. The course will cover data acquisition (collection), processing and interpretation. The audience will learn the limits of seismic method in terms of resolution, detection and imaging.

In general the course is focused on understanding how seismic data is acquired and utilized in the petroleum exploration business

Course outcome

General idea of the roll of reflection seismic method in search for oil and gas

Gain a better  understanding of the   seismic method,  its benefits and limitations (Resolution)

Better  and effective communications among beers in geoscience disciplines

Follow up on the latest developments in seismic technology

Comprehend and gain confidence in  seismic acquisition and processing parameters

Workshops and excises  throughout the course to re enforce the theory

Pre requisite

Basic knowledge of math and physics 101

Who should attend?

Anyone who is keen to learn about the seismic reflection method and its applications in the search for oil and gas

Course duration

Two to three working days

General course outline

Basic petroleum geology and the petroleum system

Where hydrocarbons come from and how they accumulate
Requirements for the formation of hydrocarbons
Reservoir Properties
Reservoir types and Terminology

Basic geophysics

Principles of seismic wave generation and propagation
Wave Phenomenon
Seismic Wave Propagation
Seismic Reflections Profiling
Seismic data acquisition – land and marine
Equipment and techniques used to gather seismic reflection data
Sources, Sensors
Recording Systems
Layout, Positioning
Special Issues

Seismic data processing and imaging work flows

Introduction & overview
The objectives of seismic data processing
Basic processing concepts:
Transforms and domains, Fourier analysis, correlation and convolultion
Elements of a processing sequence
Pre-stack processing sequence
Statics, deconvolution, velocity analysis, NMO, de multiples,
Stacking, migration, filter, display
Post-stack processing sequence and enhancement

Final products and interpretation

Seismic sections or volumes for interpretation
Seismic to well tying (Well logs definition)
Special topics and case studies
Seismic attributes and quantitative seismology (AVO and Inversion)
Recent advances in the seismic industry (Broadband seismic data, seismic guided drilling (SGD), 4D Seismic, etc.)